Brazil dam collapse: Second dam raises fresh disaster fears


Civil defense members and military police are evacuating people living near the Córrego do Feijão Mine in the city of Brumadinho, according to the Minas Gerais Fire Department. The fire department itself is on standby to provide emergency aid if the dam does break, officials said.

The fire department said that since the alarms sounded early Sunday morning the risk level for the second dam — Dam VI — has been increased from level 1 to level 2.

The evacuations come after at least 34 people died when a dam burst on Friday. The breach flooded parts of the southeastern state of Minas Gerais with mining debris and mud, which buried much of Brumadinho, according to footage from CNN affiliate Record TV.

Search and rescue efforts have been halted until the situation is deemed safe and the risk level of Dam VI is lowered back to level 1, said the fire department. Vale engineers are continuing to drain Dam VI.

The latest death toll was released by the fire department, which has been conducting search and rescue operations. Of the 34 confirmed dead, the fire department said 22 bodies have been recovered.

Video from the scene showed helicopters hovering feet above the ground as firefighters plucked people from the muck.

Heavy rains have been hampering rescue efforts.

The fire department said it understands the possibility of finding people alive decreases as the hours pass, but said the search will continue until all victims are found.

The civil defense agency and the fire department said 366 people have been found and 256 are missing. The fire department also said 23 people are in a hospital.

Vale, the Brazilian mining giant, has updated a list online with 251 names of people it has not been able to contact.

Friday’s breach caused mining debris to spill into the mine’s administrative area, where employees were working, according to Vale. Authorities said Friday that 427 people had been in the iron mine when the dam burst.

The state judiciary has frozen more than $260 million from Vale, with a presiding judge citing the company’s responsibility for the disaster. The money will be deposited into a judicial account to compensate for any costs to the state as a result of rescue operations or victim support. Minas Gerais state has also fined Vale $99 million for damage caused by the dam break and said the money will be used for repairs.

‘It is hard to witness’

State Gov. Romeu Zema on Saturday declared three days of mourning, according to a release from the government of Minas Gerais. He also thanked all agencies who have offered help.

Minister Augusto Heleno, from the Institutional Security Cabinet, said financial aid will be given both directly to the population and the local governments, but he did not elaborate on exact amounts or how funds will be distributed.

Officials said the priority now is assisting victims and their families. After that, officials said they’d focus on environmental damage and the mining process.

The dam that broke was not classified as high-risk, officials said.

Attorney General André Mendonça said Vale is responsible for the disaster, but the extent of the damage is unknown.

In an effort to find missing people, the Federal Attorney General’s Office obtained an injunction in the Federal Court of Minas Gerais ruling that mobile carriers should provide data from the cell phone signals of people who were in the region where the dam broke.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro flew over the scene Saturday morning and met with Zema before returning to the capital.

“It is hard to witness this whole scenario and not be emotional,” Bolsonaro tweeted Saturday.

“We will do everything in our reach to help the victims, minimize damage, investigate the facts, claim justice and prevent new tragedies like the ones in Mariana and Brumadinho for the well-being of Brazilians and the environment,” he said, referring to a similar mining disaster in 2015.
The aftermath of the dam collapse near Brumadinho in southeastern Brazil.

‘Beyond anything that I could imagine’

Karolainy Stefany de Jesus, 21, lives close to the area affected by the dam burst. She got a call from her uncle, who works at Vale, and ran to the affected area to see if she could find relatives. She told CNN on Saturday that all she found was a scene of despair.

“I could only see people screaming and shouting,” she said. “The sirens did not work, only people shouting to advise others, everyone was desperate.”

De Jesus’ niece, Cristina Paula, is missing and is not on any list. Paula worked at hotel Nova Instancia, which was engulfed by the mud water during the dam break. De Jesus says she was told by two survivors in the hotel that the employees didn’t have time to advise anyone because, “They could only run for their lives.”

“It is devastating, everyone here at the community is in shock, nobody expected that to happen,” de Jesus said.

Officials expect to contain the mudlike mine waste, called “tailings,” within two days, according to the Brazilian National Water Agency. Water agency officials are “monitoring the mine tailings” and “coordinating actions” to supply quality water to the affected region, it said.

Debris is widespread Saturday in the Parque da Cachoeira community after the dam collapse.

In a company video, Vale chief Fabio Schvartsman asked for forgiveness Friday “from all those affected and all of Brazilian society.”

“Unfortunately, the dam break (today) happened. This is inexcusable,” Schvartsman said, adding that Vale will “do all possible” to aid victims.

“What just happened just now is beyond anything that I could imagine,” he said.

He also said the company had put “immense effort” into improving its dams, especially after the mining disaster in Mariana.

Vale says it has provided more than 1 million liters of drinking water to the people affected by the dam break.

The company also says it has provided accommodations for more than 800 people, along with 40 ambulances and a rescue helicopter. Employees were working with volunteers to rescue and identify victims, the company said.

An Israeli airplane arrived Saturday with equipment to assist in the search, rescue and identification of victims, the Brazilian government said

People observe the mud masses Friday after the break of the dam at the Feijao mine.

The United Nations in Brazil also offered support, expressing its “deep sorrow and solidarity to the families” of the victims.

“The UN regrets the immeasurable loss of lives and significant damage to the environment and human settlements,” a statement said. “The UN System is available to support the actions of the Brazilian authorities in the rapid removal of the victims and in the establishment of dignified conditions for the eventual homeless and the affected population.

“The rigorous investigation of the facts that led to this tragedy,” it added, “will be closely followed by Brazilians and the world community.”

CNN’s Lara Stahlberg, Flora Charner, Hira Humayun and Eric Levenson contributed to this report.

Source : Nbcnewyork